Professional Accounting Bodies In Australia

What is an accountant? According to the Australian Accountants Directory they are, “a practitioner of accountancy or accounting, which is the measurement, disclosure or provision of assurance about financial information that helps managers, investors, tax authorities and others make decisions about allocating resources”(“About Accountants”). As you may already know, different areas of the world have different professional bodies of accounting.

For example, not every country uses the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). As the name suggests, that’s only used in the United States. Australia however, has three legally recognized local professional accounting bodies; the institute of public accountants (IPA), CPA Australia (CPA), and the institute of chartered accountants of Australia (ICAA).

The IPA has been around since 1923 and continues to grow in the organization today. After 90 years it currently sits more than 26,000 members and students across 64 countries and is ranked in the top professional accounting bodies in the world (“Institute of Public Accountants”). They acquired a full membership of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) in 2005 as well as the Confederation of Asian and Pacific Accountants (CAPA) in 2011. They are really working towards building relationships and exchanging knowledge overseas. They are innovative in everything that they do as they already are recognized as one of the top 20 in BRW’s most innovative companies in Australia list for 2012. The IPA has three levels of membership, Associate (AIPA), Member (MIPA), and Fellow (FIPA). An Associate membership requires one to have an Australian Advanced Diploma of Accounting or a Bachelor’s degree in Accounting that can be Australian or equivalent in nature. MIPA membership requires Australian Advanced Diploma of Accounting, two years of pre-IPA program full-time work experience in accounting or related fields and a mentored experience program. A FIPA membership requires 7 years’ MIPA status or equivalent and 10 years’ experience in accounting the last five years have to be at a senior level (“Institute of Public Accountants”).

According to CPA Australia, they are one of the world’s largest accounting bodies with a global membership of more than 150,000 members working in 120 countries around the world, and with more than 25,000 members working in senior leadership positions (“About Us”). They provide education, training, technical support and advocacy. They were an early entrant in the Asian Market, where their involvement began in the early 1950s and aimed at developing and strengthening the accounting profession in the region. As of today almost one-quarter of CPA Australia’s members reside outside of Australia, with over 35,000 in Asia. They currently have nineteen staffed offices across Australia, China, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Vietnam, New Zealand and the UK. To become a member of this program candidates most hold a postgraduate award that is recognized by CPA Australia, and demonstrate competence in the required knowledge areas and, within a six year period, successfully complete the CPA Program (“About Us”). They must also have three years of professional experience in finance, or accounting for business. To offer public accounting services, CPAs must also complete CPA Australia’s Public Practice program, which involves distance learning and a residential component, and must hold a Public Practice Certificate in accordance with the CPA Australia’s by laws.

The ICAA is the professional body representing Chartered Accountants in Australia. They currently have over 50,000 members and 12,000 students(“News and Updates”). In order to become a member of the institute, one has to complete the Chartered Accountants Program which includes study of Graduate diploma in Chartered Accounting (GradDipCA) and three years of practical experience. Entry is available to anyone who holds an accounting degree; however, those holding non-accounting degrees can also be permitted entry after additional requirements are met. If one does become a Chartered Accountant they must complete a total of 120 hours of Continuing Professional Education every three years. The ICAA is a founding member of the Global Accounting Alliance (GAA). Members of this alliance are part of the international accounting coalition of the world’s premier accounting bodies. Chartered Accountants audit 100 percent of the top ASX-listed companies in Australia. They are recognized by the international accounting bodies of the leading financial centers of the world. As of November 2013, the ICAA merged with the New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants and are now known as “Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand”(“News and Updates”).

Top Five Intra Day Trading Tips To Become A Better Trader

In words of Warren Buffet The stock market is a device for transferring money from the impatient to the patient. Let’s read between lines. The investor or trader who is impatient (frequent buy/sell strategy) transfers money to the patient (holding strategy).

Find below herewith five tips which should be followed by a day trader:

Take advice of professional trader

Before one starts day trading it is better to take advice from experienced and expert day trader trainer. Every trainer will have different teaching method and style. See for one who has good teaching method. He should also suit your trading style. They may be ready to teach in their free time. He may charge the fee. As he is spending his free time with you. But it is worth. You can assume that paid fee as an investment, which you need to get knowledge. They are the best share tip providers when you trade.

In future when you grow big, many newbies’s will come to get knowledge from you. At that time you can charge them likewise.

Gather information from financial news

One has to gather news from across the globe. Segregate relevant news, which affects your business. Analyze and set priority which news will most affect your business. Stay updated on news like meetings, change in government policies and rules. Local, national and international news should be followed.

M&A, financial results, entry/exit of members of BOD, etc. These types of related news of the company one have shares in, make sense.

Though the news does not impact a common man but may have an impact on your investment in the concerned company. This news helps to take a smarter decision, especially while trading shares. Through nifty future tips also one can gather information.

Treat trading as any other business

Take day-trading as any other business. It is not a hobby, but a serious business. It is not for fun that one is in day trading. Like any business, it needs devotion and dedication. Trading is a part. One has to devote a lot of time preparing a plan. Study different charts before coming to any conclusion. Follow news on TV, read business magazines, study reports etc. It is a full day activity.

Keep eye on professionals

One should study professionals. What they are buying, when they are selling. For how much time do they hold the script? Since they have experienced one can learn a lot by keeping eyes and ears open and mouth shut. If one makes mistakes, then analysis the mistake. What went wrong and where? You can find them in many share market advisory companies.


It needs time, energy and devotion to master the skills. As the old saying goes Rome was not built in a day It was destroyed and then rebuild. This process was repeated many times over. Even if one makes loss he has to get up again for a fight.

Traders do not profit all the time. Many a time they incur losses. So one has to be prepared for losses and have patience during the time of loss. Commodity tips are also helpful to know the market trends.

Today’s successful traders were also novice once in a while. They got success by their hard and smart work. They had put in their efforts, made mistakes, but kept up their learning process.

Sip Calculator Magnetizing The Investors Towards Online Investing

Online investing option has reached to a higher level with the introduction of SIP calculator. Making the calculation of SIP amount easy, the tool is handy to use as well. Let us understand the concept of SIP calculator with a story. There were two friends Yash and Rohan. Both had passed out college and were placed in MNCs. With the commencement of their career, they took a resolution of initiating their investment also. Yash was very trendy, and new technologies magnetized him. On the contrary, Rohan was simple and was not much of a techie. As both of them decided to invest, Yash did all the research online and also prompted Rohan to take up the online investment method. But, as for Rohan, it was not his area of expertise. So, Rohan relied on the mutual fund agent, and Yash went for online investing. When it came to deciding the amount to invest as SIP monthly both were confused. Yash took the help of an SIP calculator, and Rohan trusted the agent. But, the outcome was that Yash got the exact amount required for investment and the agent failed to calculate the precise amount and thus took an approx figure. Thus, for the same scheme Yash paid the correct amount that was required and Rohan had to pay a little more due to the inaccuracy of calculations.

The story signifies the importance of SIP calculator in the investing process, because the amount of SIP decides the corpus (the main aim of investing). Especially in the online investing the role of an SIP calculator is of vital importance. The investor advances towards being free in order to make the optimal use of their money. SIP calculator acts as a catalyst in aggravating the process investment through proper channel.

Features of an SIP calculator:-

There are a lot of features which motivates an online investor to use SIP calculator. A few amongst them are stated below:

Easy to use:

SIP calculator is an easy tool to operate on. The user-friendly approach is the striking feature of the tool. Providing an environment of smooth functioning and quick calculations, an SIP calculator in India is making online investments attain new heights with each passing day. The main reason of the increasing inclination towards online investment is the handy tool (SIP calculator), which ease out the complex calculations manifolds.

Using CAGR:

SIP calculator uses the formula of CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) to calculate the returns. CAGR is the most widely accepted concept for the growth calculation of investment over a period extending one year. The calculation of CAGR is very complex and not beyond the grasping power of non-financial people. It is a mind wrecking concept and takes time to understand. But you need not worry. The CAGR calculation is simplified with the help of SIP return calculator. Paving the way for quick and easy calculations, SIP return calculator has become a defining point of online investment.

Targeting accuracy:

The goal of an SIP calculator is to provide results that are 100% accurate. But, it works on the inputs that are fed to it. Any mistake in the input data leads to an erroneous result. Otherwise, the result shows the exact and accurate outcome without the mistake of a decimal place. A perfection of that level is surely a strong feature of SIP return calculator.

How Is Brexit Affecting Trade and Export Finance?

The Brexit vote will take another couple years to go into effect, but that doesn’t mean businesses can’t start anticipating the changes.

While the details of the Brexit deals’ impact on export finance aren’t clear yet, there are several areas that will likely be impacted in one way or another.

In this post, we’ll examine how the Brexit deal will impact future trade and export finance.

What Brexit Means for Export Finance

The world of United Kingdom export finance is currently up in the air, but there are key areas which will likely be affected. The changes will be contingent on the final trade agreements the UK makes with the European Union and other nations. Check out the list below to see what might change:

Lower Export Prices

Depending on the nature of the UK’s future trade deals, prices for exported goods could witness a drop.

If the UK continues to export to countries within the European Union, for example, producers might have to lower their prices to make their products more attractive to importers. Alternatively, if the UK enters into trade agreements with different countries, concerns regarding tariffs will be minimized.

Different Export Markets

The Brexit deal might end up changing what countries the UK does business with, depending on the final trade deals reached.

The UK already has access to expansive export markets located in United States, Canada, Japan, China, and the United Arab Emirates. This list could expand, however, if there’s enough global interest from free markets. In fact, the UK is currently promoting that idea with its “Exporting Is Great” campaign.

Many free market countries are already showing interest in entering into a UK trade deal, actually. The UK could leverage its strong ties with India, for example. Other interested countries include Australia and South Africa.

Pound Exchange Rates

The impact on export finance and market access is clouded with uncertainty and primarily revolves around potential trade agreements made with the European Union. Exchange rates for the Pound, however, is a more cut and dry issue. Currently, the Pound is proving stable, though, as investors have accounted for the impact of Brexit talks.

Export Tariffs

Export tariffs will become an issue, but mainly for businesses that choose to continue doing business with the European Union as their leading market.

Obstacles in this area exist because the European Union will have to ensure its regulations are met while preserving its member’s benefits. This could translate into the previously mentioned lower prices.

Larger companies will be able to take that hit to their profits. Smaller companies, however, will likely have more trouble maintaining their profit margins.

Watching the News

The final outcome of the Brexit vote has yet to be seen. But don’t fret just yet. The result might actually be in your favor. As the story unfolds in forthcoming months, please do share your views and thoughts with us.

Top 6 Advantages Of Student Loans

It is just a common myth that only the federal loans provided by the UK government are cheaper and easier to repay than the student finance options provided by the private direct lenders. However, if you see the APR and repayment modes, then you come to know that private student loans are the clear winner! Let’s have a quick look at the top 6 advantages of education funds offered by the direct lending companies:

Borrow Short-Term and Long-Term Funds

Whether you are looking for a big amount to complete the higher education course, or need short-term funds, to give just hostel and tuition fees; both options are easily available and you can access the required funds in less than 24 hours without facing any hurdles. You can ask the lender to transfer funds directly to your bank account or deliver to your doorstep.

No Documentation to Waste your Time

The time of a student is very precious and instead of taking stress about the cash, he should focus on studies. Direct lending companies know the importance of young generation in the development of the UK and hence they offer paper free student loans plans. You are not required to submit your last class mark sheet or the address proof.

Apply Online in Just 2 Minutes

You don’t have to bunk classes or take leaves from the college, just open your laptop or smartphone and apply for the student finance loans on any reliable direct lending website. You would need just 2 minutes to complete the online application procedure. No hard copies or soft copies are required.

Avail Funds with No Guarantor

Students don’t have a big network to arrange a guarantor. They are dedicated towards their studies and interact less with people. Arranging a guarantor is an embarrassing task for them as people are not ready to co-sign their application. They can easily access student education loans with no guarantor and no broker by applying to a reliable direct lender.

No Hurdle of Bad Credit History

Some students have bad credit issues due to pending credit card bills or some other reasons. Banks and conventional lending companies don’t entertain their funding requests. However, they can easily secure the cash by applying student loans to a bad-credit friendly lender. There are no hidden charges. You can compare various deals and grab the best one with the lowest APR.

Easy and Flexible Repayment Modes

Everybody knows that a student can’t repay funds during his education time. He doesn’t have a steady source of income. Direct lenders offer various student repayment plans that can be chosen as per comfort. You can either start repaying in installments from the next month or repay the total debt in instalments after completing your education.

The Importance of Keeping Up With Finance News

The modern world has numerous intricacies to it compounded by the realities of globalization and rapid technological advancements. What this means is that no one can decide to remain ignorant of their environment and all that is going on around the world as this directly or in directly affects our lives. Many people have always regarded financial issues as a preserve of the financial gurus and those who specialize in finance issues. Acquiring the knowledge of financial matters, at least the general matters, is essential for everyone.

Finance news keep you abreast with developments in various critical sectors of the either the national or international economy. For instance if you may want to keep abreast with opportunities that exist for you in domains like forex trader then you need to know what is happening in line with developments of the volatile stock market and money markets. On another front you may want to know where there are affordable foreclosure properties that you can makes the most of to get yourself that dream real estate property as your residence or for investment.

Many people are getting hands on with financial matters because it does not really take an expert to get into financial trade circle and the make the most of what the industry can offer. What happens in the finance world affects your life directly it does not matter if it happens on a national scale or international locale. The fact is that the global economy in intertwined such that financial matters in the Australia economy for instance may affect the whole of the global financial landscape, which has an impact on the state of the economies, inflation, interest rate, etc. These are kinds of issues that get to affect you directly.

Keeping abreast with financial developments has been quiet a critically important aspect in the recent global economic meltdown. The global financial sector has been riddled with negative developments which cost some people huge profits from various business ventures. Keeping up with finance news helped people to stay on the look out and alert on the next move to do for instance in terms of example selling property, buying a property, getting a bank loan etc. the principle of keeping pace with financial developments is very important especially for entrepreneur who want to keep a close eye on the financial developments every second in order to position themselves for expediency and survival.

The Latest Trend In Doorstep Loans

These days, individuals frequently have no opportunity to visit loan specialist’s office to apply for quick cash bolster. Henceforth they begin asking financial assistance from relatives and companions that is exceptionally humiliating. Be that as it may, no more you need to shoulder the disgrace of looking for assistance from companions for banks and facilitates everywhere throughout the United Kingdom have presented Doorstep loans. As the very name suggests, finances under this cash backing is conveyed comfortable doorstep. Additionally, the sum affirmed is all that anyone could need for all your unimportant needs that look for your moment consideration.

Until the point that a couple of years back, applying for extra subsidizes was a testing assignment as you were requested to experience repetitive customs. You were solicited to submit piles from archives. Actually, it took a very long time to finish the whole procedure. The greater part of the circumstances, when you got an endorsement, the requirement for stores was finished.

Be that as it may, things changed with online machine mode that scarcely took a couple of minutes of yours. Simply peruse pages and you will run over different banks offering moment cash backing. Because of regularly expanding rivalry among moneylenders, it has turned into a great deal less demanding for you to pick the loan specialist that offers bargains according to your need.

Render your own subtle elements on an online application frame yet ensure it is finished and exact. Numerous loan specialists may get in touch with you inside no season of applying. You can choose from bargains that suits your current needs. In the event that they are happy with your data, assets may be authorized into your bank tally and you can sue it the way you need with no confinements. From paying pending power charges, Visa charges, stockpiling charges; obligation solidification, child’s instructive expenses to traveling, meeting wedding costs and therapeutic urgencies, you can do everything.

Regardless of where you live in the United Kingdom, you will get cash comfortable home as 12 Month Loans. Assets will contact you either as cash or as a check. Loan specialists will charge financing cost contingent upon your current settled pay and reimbursement capacity. Sometimes, reimbursement residency is additionally broadened. Here, loan specialists charge extra expense for late installment. Be that as it may, paying extra sum isn’t an issue as you can dispose of every one of your inconveniences without running all over.

There is all around the energy among the general population about getting the sum specifically at the entryway with no dreary undertaking by any stretch of the imagination. What’s more, the news is valid and spread like a fire over the United Kingdom. In this way, it is awesome time for those individuals, who used to go to the entryway of the bank keeping in mind the end goal to have exchange about the loans. However, now, the time has come to desert the conventional framework for the acquisition of the earnest bucks in light of the fact that the presentation of doorstep loans UK has been influenced the impact in the finance to advertise.

In this way, the borrowers don’t need to squander their valuable time in going all over on the grounds that the sum something like 100 to 500 is specifically dispatched at the home of the candidates inside round the clock. There is no prerequisite of playing out the hassle full customs. In this way, influence a call to the appropriate loan specialist with the sensible enthusiasm to rate and get the sum as ahead of schedule as could be expected under the circumstances.

Has the Perfect Time to Buy Residential Property in Australia Finally Arrived?

In this article I am going to demonstrate why right now is possibly one of the very best times to buy residential property for over twenty years. Consider the Facts. Australia is one of the very best countries in the world to live. It also ranked number one for surviving the recession. What is important in regards to property growth is that in addition to the attractive living standards and economic strength, Australia’s population continues to grow plus demand for residency from offshore remains constantly high. We know that property prices increase just like any other commodity, and that is through supply and demand factors. Therefore population growth is one condition that leans toward growth. However to maximize your investment returns you need more. Next consider this.


Not only are we growing in numbers we already have a shortage of homes. And this shortage is getting larger, for example. South East Queensland population is expected to grow from 2.8 million to 4.4 million people by 2031. It is estimated that the south East Queensland region will require more than 750,000 new homes just to cope with the growing populations. The supply is also restricted due to councils bungling causing unnecessary delays and costs to developers, what could be done in the private sector in a day will always take a month in councils building approvals departments. Further restricting the supply is the government’s tax grab on new developments.

Do you realise that every new house by the time you add on all the different levels of government charges, fees and taxes including GST. The price of a property can be an extra 30% due solely to the government’s tax grab, whilst at the same time they stand on their moral high boxes calling for more affordable housing. This doesn’t include the extra cost the developers have to add onto the purchase price for the extra holding costs due to development approval delays. However from an investors point of view, this is indeed very good news. And I don’t foresee any better efficiencies coming into the public sector anytime soon. Why Is this Good news because it limits approvals and therefore keeps a tight lid on supply hence the opportunity for greater capital growth.


A good example of this is again in Queensland, particularly South East Queensland which is home to around 80% of this massive state’s population. Yet South East Queensland represents only 13% of the land mass of the state. So if we go further and consider prime suburbs within this small but substantial growth area, and even go deeper into the micro then consider the prime streets, the demographic of the new arrives or zones that may be next on the drawing board, then opportunity for capital growth becomes even more secure than simply buying a property for the sake of it.


As you see from above we have a strong economy we have a stable political system. We have a product that is attracting people from around the world and we have a supply and demand problem weighted in the favor of the investor. The key points to maximize the benefits of these unique set of circumstances is to invest where the population growth is out striping supply and buy where there is a scarcity of a given property type in a desirable location. The Time is right, the price to buy is right so get hold of someone who knows how to make money out of property, talk to a great finance broker so you know exactly what you can borrow as a cash buyer is infinitely more attractive to a vendor. Then go to work.

Written By Phil Mollard, Author God Man and Money

For those interested in buying a property for investment or to value add to may I suggest that property investment is a skill it is acquired over time. Therefore seek wise council. Remember that real estate agents by law work for the vendor(property owners) there job and mandate is to ensure they get the best price for the vendor.

Where as a buyers agent represents the buyer. In selecting a buyers agent you also need to understand their personal experience for example, what are they qualified to buy. They maybe great negotiators or understand a particular market location or a market sector. There are buyers agents who understand renovations and value adding or development. So ensure you select the right advise based on what you type of property investment you wish to make.

Finance and Wealth Building

1. Capitalization
The term “capitalize” means registering the quantity of an entity in a balance sheet account against the income statement. Capitalizing can be different in different companies depending on their turnovers. But a big company would not do that. Moreover, in case of leased equipment, if it is a disguised purchase and not a rental agreement, then the lease should be capitalized. A process whereby anticipated future income is converted to one lump sum capital value. A Capitalization Rate is divided into the expected periodic income to derive a capital value for the expected income
There are basic differences between capitalization and depreciation.

Capitalization refers to adding the sum to the balance sheet. Suppose, a house is constructed after taking loans ,then some interests of it will be added to its cost, which in total with the cost will be shown as an asset on your balance sheet.

Whereas, depreciation is the reduced amount registered on the balance sheet. It refers to the systematic allocation of the price of an asset from the balance sheet and reporting it as depreciation expense on the income statement. In short, capitalization refers to the addition and depreciation refers to the subtraction of an amount from the balance sheet.

Though not distinctly different, following types of capitalization are predominant.
o Mega cap: it includes the companies, whose market capital is over $200 billion. The most publicly traded companies like the Exxon are the leaders, which is not applicable to the majority of companies.
o Big/large cap: their market capital is between $10 billion and $200 billion. The well noted companies like the Microsoft, Wal-Mart, General Electric and IBM fall into this category. The large capital stocks are considered to be steady and safe. These stocks are also known as blue chips.
o Mid cap: the companies under this category are considered to be more unstable than the mega and large capital companies. A considerable part of this capital is characterized by the Growth Stocks. Some of the companies under this category are on the verge of becoming the industrial leaders.
o Small cap: the comparatively new and young companies having the capital between $300 million to $2 billion. They offer the possibility of greater capital increase but leaving the risk factor.
o Micro cap: The companies primarily consist of penny stocks ranging between $50 million to $300 million. They have equal upward and downward potential and thus are risk prone. You should do a lot of research before venturing into this position.
o Nano cap: capitals below $50 million are the indicator of this category. This is the riskiest of the categories and offer for very meager gain. The stocks normally trade on the pink sheets or OTCBB.
o This categorization does vary with the variation in the actual market.

2. Unemployment rate nearing 700ks, it may get worse

The last statistics for the job-cut given by the Labor Department in February this year reflected the worse picture than was speculated in January. The previous one registered 598,000 job-cuts in the private sector, which the February stat projected 650,000. The figures according to were somewhat different, which anticipated a hike of 11% in the unemployment rate from January’s 614,000 to February’s 697,000. This burning scenario would create wrinkles in the forehead of President Obama and would dent his administration’s futuristic expenditure plans envisioning the dynamicity of the stumbling economy in the coming years.

The stark discrepancy between the White House’s statement as 3.8% decline of the economy and the daily life of the Americans was evident from the actual 6.2%, the worst since 1982. Economists though are neither ready to compare the severity with that of the 1930′s 25% and nor with the twin depressions of the 1980′s, yet some are forecasting of more worsening. They are emphasizing on the term “depression” to describe the much longer span of crisis, which cannot be connoted by the term “downturn”. The alteration of terms is much more decisive, when the govt. is strategizing to further straining of cash for the critical banks and the aid for the automobile industry.

Mark Zandi, chief economist of Moddy’s, predicted that the unemployment rate would reach 10.5% by the end of 2011, from 7.6% of end January, the average home prices would fall 20% over the already reached 27% and the financial system losses would more than treble, to $3.7 trillion. The chief global economist of Decision Economics, Allen Sinai maintained that the economy is already at depression. He added that Washington’s assumption of the 3.2% hike in 2010 should only be a hope, not a confirmation. And in this situation, the government would be bound to reduce expenditure, increase taxes and run larger deficits. The Federal Reserve chairman, Ben S. Bernanke predicted the rise of unemployment rate to touch 8.8% next year as against the current speculated rate of 10.3%.

Dean Baker, co-director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington, D.C., censured Sinai for predicting so early and estimated the ratio to over 12%, the highest since 1948. Zandi gave the rate as 9.3%. The inseparable connection among the financial system, the job market and real estate has resulted in the pink slips even in stable companies. This in turn reduces the investment by the laid offs, further cutting on the revenue from different sectors. A downward spiral is thus set to act.

3. Relation between politics and Wall Street.

Since the December take over of the Wall Street Journal by Rupert Murdoch, it has developed a sharp edge on the political issues and asserted its influence on the presidential campaign. With the fresh approach to place journalism on a new trajectory of paramount, Murdoch stressed on a broader cover area in the newspaper. Along with the primary feature on the Federal Reserve’s endeavor to salvage the Bear Stearns from the seemingly inevitable crash, it also focused on the Finance Chairman Penny Pritzker and the burning Tibet issue.

In the time of bulk dismissal of the newspaper staffs and financial collapse, Murdoch has raised the volume of the journal and also expanded the Washington bureau, not leaving the foreign coverage. The 1940′s approach of the newspaper to focus only on the business news and discount the breaking news is now a history, and it was also called for at the most exciting campaign moment. In fact, politics now occupies double its earlier space in it. It got reflected from the campaign backbiting of the two advisers of Hillary Clinton to the advantage of Barrack Obama in Texas due to the strife between the blacks and Latinos.

With the increased co-existence of finance and politics, the legendary A-heads are losing their importance to be constricted to the page-bottom. Murdoch led the daily for extensive campaign coverage to make it the master of journalism. But this effort may raise the question in future of its becoming the jack of the business journals.
According to Charlie Cook, a political analyst, WSJ has been barely maintaining its stand in the business, save the business coverage and a fun story on the front page, though the standard has somewhat augmented. To add to the popularity, WSJ has started a weekly sports page, publishes recipes in the Saturday edition and has plans to commence a quarterly magazine on fashion and travel.

Murdoch once donated $1 million to the California Republican Party, had his New York Post go after selected liberal politicians, and yanked BBC News from his Sky TV satellite service in China to appease the Beijing authorities. Despite his well-spoken authority on news judgments, the journal does not seem to have evolved under the News Corp. takeover. According to him newspapers in Britain and Australia had sometimes endorsed Labor Party candidates.
Marcus Brauchli, the chief editor has stated that Murdoch allows independence to his editors to find the means to achieve the goals he has set for the journal. But at the same time, he also waves his hands to maneuver their decisions, whether visibly or not.

4. “Trend is your Friend”?

It is very crucial for you to follow the correct trend whether you are investing in stocks, dollar or interest rates. There are no such investments that are free of risks, not even the government bonds. 95% of the Americans, having net worth of less than $1,000,000 are not allowed the choices as the rich are. They are also not expected to be that savvy of the risks in stocks, stock options, futures, mutual funds and a whole lot of very high risk investments and presumed to be incapable of understanding the risks in hedge funds. The existing system which relegates most investors to second class status is economically wrong, philosophically decadent and politically discriminatory.
While a considerable time is given to track the accurate direction of the stock, a cautious observation to the support and the resistance lines can make the trend your friend, as shown below.

These “Trend Lines” directs to the general trends of the stock movement. Not useful for daily tracking, they are used for a long-term purpose for the stock, mutual fund or commodity.

The trend lines can also guide you for even years, than weeks or months. But they are mostly the speed-breakers, as the stocks show their inconsistency to move along these lines, and then spring back to the reverse.

If you are skilled enough to fish a stock as it springs off the support line, which is the ideal time to purchase, as you will find an authentic and valid point to stop. This could be near the support line, just below it and would reduce your amount at risk.

The stocks that are purchased just as the stock breaks through overhead resistance and forms new patterns, ensures the best performers. You should hold the stock for months or even years, until it breaks the support line to enhance your winning chance.

Often the logic behind the stocks’ heightened leap is not made up. It can occur after days or weeks or even years. But the leap of that extent to break the trend line is always talked about.

When your stock jumps over its overhead resistance, you can be confident that it would continue to do so.
One should be careful, if the support line of mutual fund or stock is broken. This will be the high time to sell a portion or the entire position. One will consider at risk, if the support line is broken, which indicates that supply is now clearly in command.

5. What are Trailing Stop and how to use them?

It is equally crucial for you to decide the time to put your hands off the trade as it is to put then on, whether in the case of long-term investing and short-term trading. Usually, selling exerts more pressure on your heart than buying. Therefore, you can not make up your mind when to exit from the trade and when you are profiting from it. Same happens when you incur a loss and cannot think to quit but wait, expecting the recovery. But prioritizing on these emotional deliberations is irrational and illogical. Despite the existence of many state-of-the-art trading techniques, a whole lot of general techniques are also available to save you from awful losses and simultaneously guarantees for awesome profits.

This calls for the use of the Trailing Stop technique. The term “Trailing Stop” refers to a stop-loss order set at a percentage level below the market price – for a long position. The trailing stop price is adjusted as the price fluctuates. The trailing stop order can be placed as a trailing stop limit order, or a trailing stop market order. Therefore, the trader is confident about the minimum profit that he or she is going to gain.

Momentum-Based Trailing Stop:

The trickiest part to set up a trailing-stop system is to predict the suitable profits or tolerable losses. This can be exemplified as a trader’s entry to the position after watching and waiting for a consolidation and by placing the stops below that consolidation. It needs patience.

Apart from that, the concept of ‘being overvalued’ requires basic research. The trailing stops are to be squeezed to a lower percentage if the stock starts to show a P/E higher than its historical P/E. This situation aggravates when a stock enters a “blow-off” period and this can last even up to several months. The daring traders can still continue with profiting by avoiding the losses with the help of the trailing stops. But there is risk.

The Parabolic Stop and Reverse (SAR)
The traditional traders prefer to stick to the more disciplined outlook in a systematic market and the parabolic stop and reverse (SAR) suites them. It provides stop-loss levels for both sides of the market, moving incrementally each day with changes in price. The SAR is a technical indicator plotted on a price chart that will occasionally intersect with price due to a reversal or loss of momentum in the security in question. When this intersection occurs, the trade is considered to be stopped out, and the opportunity exists to take the other side of the market. The key stipulation of the SAR is the irregularly moving security that in the unbalanced market, your trading charges and other costs will be exhausted. Another clause of the utility of the SAR would be in the security that is not showing a significant trend. You will never reach the stop, if the trend is too feeble. So the SAR is inefficient here and only most suitable in between the two extremes.

6. Work duration on demo account
The demo account is an account which is funded virtually, but acts as a real one. All the costs and dealings are the replica of the actual business. If you want to open a demo account, you will get ready help from any brokers of Forex . They would provide you with a guidance kit to create it. To proceed, you have to fill up an online form with the help of your chosen broker and after following some simple steps; your demo account would be ready. The virtual fund depending on the brokers can range from $50,000 to $100,000.

It would be helpful for you, if you retune the balance amount of the demo account according to your actual trading amount, as it is not gambling. You will also have to learn the tactics of the trading platform, which is different with different brokers. When they offer for different orders, you will have to be attuned with the facts of placing market orders accurately, setting up targets, preventing loss and other nuances. You must have the answers to the following questions: Are contingent orders available? One cancels other (OCO)? How far from market price can you place limit buy/sell order? And more. These also vary and must be well-researched before investing, as the lack of the knowledge has led to huge amount of losses.

But, don’t worry. You have the option to practice it with your demo. Before you start, get acquainted with the technical expertise that the trading software requires. You should also know whether the policy offers for system integration, automated trading, news feed and back testing capabilities. As the software are getting more intricate and are offering unnecessary features, you have to be clear about your real need before opting for them.

A common mistake is mostly done by the traders that they forget about the demo after starting the real account. One more important question is, whether to keep the demo alive, and the answer is yes. You should keep it so as long as possible; whether or not you have to re-register it after every 30 days, as some of them expire after that. Don’t forget to check its health regularly by the brokers.

This is required because trading is something that mandates regular updating of the trader’s awareness. Be it a tool launched by your broker, a new approach or a new system; first give it a try in your demo. And the most interesting part of it is, it is available free of cost.

7. Use of multiple time frames in trading

To ensure constant profit, you must know and follow the trend that is in, as a trader. The most common formulae include “trade with the trend” and “the trend is your friend”. These are categorized as primary, intermediate and short term. But that does not entail that the market would remain in a specific trend, rather in a conjoint frame. It is quite obvious that a particular stock will be in a primary uptrend while being stalled in intermediate and short-term downtrends. It is the common practice of the greenhorn traders to deal in a specific time frame, often overlooking the even powerful primary one and the others usually disregard the importance of the short-term. But, you can have the guidelines as how to keep yourself updated with these trends.

A generalized convention is that the more stretched the time span, the more consistent the signals are. The further you go into the time frames; the charts would become more clumsy and full with deceptive move. To have an idea of their trading patterns, you should start and continue with the primary trend for a considerable time period. As you get the firm idea of the trade, you can venture into the intermediate time frame and then to the short term. For your assistance, some typical trading terms are illustrated below.

o Swing trader: you can focus on the daily charts, especially the weekly charts that set the primary timeframe and the 60-minute charts for the short-term trend.
o Day trader: the 15-minute charts are useful, where the 60-minute charts would define the primary trend and a 5-minute chart or a tick chart to define the short-term trend.
o Long-term position trader: while using the weekly charts, the monthly charts can be used to define the primary trend and daily charts for refining the entries and exits.

Although the ideal chart combination is the sole choice of you, yet, you should opt for the main timeframe of your interest and balance it by two timeframes above and below it. You can use the long-term chart to define the trend, the intermediate-term chart to provide the trading signal and the short-term chart to refine the entry and exit. Short-term charts are predominantly used to analyze the decisions taken in the primary chart.

A careful analysis can assure your chances of increased profit. While the long-term charts provide for the traders the advantage to assess their propositions, it also gives a caution when the different timeframes are not organized. The short timeframes give the chance to augment the entries and exits. In a nutshell, the combination of multiple timeframes gives you the complete picture of your trade and increases your confidence.

8. The History of Japanese Candlesticks

The study of candlestick methodology would lead you to the Japanese “Age of Country at War” from 1500 to 1600. It was developed during the military era and often uses related terms. You have to be as alert and cunning as a military general, with the psychology of a competitor and an aggressor to succeed in this battle named business.
In the mid-1700′s, “The god of the markets” Munehisa Homna’s research on the price-movement and weather conditions concretized into the concept of candlestick. His “Sakata Rules” laid the foundation of the Japanese investment strategy. The candlestick has always been a very open and widely practiced methodology throughout Japan, but did not create interest in the US market until 25 years back. But the recent economic setback has led the researchers to look up to it. Popularizing this technique to the west is the contribution of Steve Nison’s extensive research.

This theory stresses more on the real price action than on the causes of it, as the reports, wages etc. all the statistics are clearly shown in the price and the market would be controlled by the apprehension and the ravenousness of the buyers and the sellers.

12 candlestick models explaining 40 different market signals are available, which are reliable enough in terms of price-move. The 12 major signals provide sufficient outlook for the market-situations, but the others are also useful for profit-making. Though the candlestick uses the basics of a bar chart like the open, close, high and low values over the fixed phase, but it shows various connections of them with the “real body” drawn, and expressed through different colours.

There are 9 fundamental decline and inclined conditions in a candlestick. The lines extending from the candle-body are known as the wicks or the tails, which indicate the high or low of that phase. When the candle-body is clear, it indicates that the close price was above the opening price, whereas, a dark body indicates below. The Doji candle-body refers to the situation of equal open-and-close price. The different candle-models can only predict the directions, but not the extent of it.

Candlestick charts are the oldest to predict the price. They are given interesting names as the black, white, shaven head, shaven bottom, spinning top and the Doji lines and reversal patterns are the hammer, hanging man, engulfing, dark cloud, the piecing and the stars: morning, evening, Doji and the shooting (inverted hammer). This technique is very user-friendly and does not require professional help. The basic advantage of candlestick over the standard bar chart elucidation is its scope for visual analysis of the various market-conditions.

9. Types of Charts (pink denotes unchanged)

Charts are the graphical representations of any information to make the data analysis in a visually convenient manner. They are often created in a tabular form and arranges huge amount of data and their interrelations in a much more easy approach, which would not be possible without them. Among the various types of charts, some are suitable for specific purposes than the others. Having being the point of interest of the Sigma, charts are also essential for a trader for a successful, accurate and technical trade analysis. The currency charts can cover any time period ranging from a minute to a month to even many years.

Open a new Forex Chart by:
o Through the menu options File > New Chart.
o Right-click the Market Watch window, then select the Chart Window options
o Clicking on “New Chart button” on the toolbar
o Or press the Ctrl + W key combination

Trading charts are used by the day traders to supervise the trade markets, and to speculate as when or not to invest. Trading charts are all equally useful for trading analysis involving the previous and recent prices. Some of the different types of charts are as follows.

Bar Chart:
This chart is drawn with rectangular bars the lengths of which are the representation of the magnitude or the frequencies that they stand for and they are also known as Bar graphs. The bar graphs can be both vertical and horizontal. The bars show the opening, closing, high and low during a certain time span which displays the direction. They have the flexibility of being set up in any short or long time spans, which vary from 1 minute, 33 ticks, 500 volume to 1 day, 1 week and 1 month respectively. The bars in the bar charts are often represented in different colours to enhance their visibility. They are most popular and are supported by most of the charting software.

Candlestick Chart:
As said before the oldest of all charts, this chart was developed by the phenomenal Japanese rice merchant Homma Munehisa, in the 18th century. This chart is most simple and easy to understand and therefore is very popular. The candlestick chart shows the standard open, close, high and low market conditions along with the upward and downward direction within a period. It is the most efficient one in terms of visual analysis of data.

Line Chart:
The line chart is the graphical representation in a two-dimensional manner of the chronological trade rate of the definite currency pair within the given time span. The lines are drawn in accordance with the closing price connections of the day.

10. Achievement of trading perfection
The moment you decide to trade, take an oath to do it in the best way possible, not compromising on quality. Remember, that trade selection and prior planning are the two faces of a coin. Your success is half achieved through a proper planning, than by hours of trading of anything that comes handy, which is completely incomprehensible.
Each trade has a proper style, which you must follow to reach the perfection. It involves proper management: planning, organizing, delegating, directing, and controlling.

You will not be able to plan properly, if you are not organized. Make handy your trading software, data and proper equipment. Your own well-being is also not to be done away with. It is said in trade that, there is only the winner or the loser; there is no place for the mediocre. To be the champion you need to have discipline, self-control and a willingness to train extensively. You have to give your leisure to the over charts, studying, thinking, planning and to practicing your trading and the trade selection.

This extensive study involves the study of charts. You have to record the organized and pictures data on the charts in your mind that will intrigue you to ask the questions continually as, “How does what I see in front of me relate to the supply and demand for the underlying?” or “Is what I am seeing on the chart even related to supply and demand, or is what I am seeing related to an engineered move by some insider or market mover?” As soon as you realize the fact that supply and demand do not always solely move or fail prices, it is better. Markets are maneuvered three fourth.
But the charts reflect something else than the price patterns, as the response to the world happenings, rumours, government reports and many more. The most common thing to be overlooked is the engineering from and by the insiders, the market movers and by commercials holding large inventories. You must train yourself to analyze these things from the charts. For instance, the price patterns on your charts will help you to recognize between true and false breakouts. The pioneer trader will master trading the trend and will get the best out of it. If prices are rising, the trend is up. If prices are falling, the trend is down. The tips and tricks are equally important for you to follow and it is promising to maintain and update a collection of the techniques. To be a master trader, you can not but help practicing the recognition of blockage areas, trend identification and high possibility breakouts. Though a genius never achieves perfection, yet it is always advisable to improve your performance.

Top 5 Benefits Annuities Can Bring Except The Lifetime Income

Earning a consistent income in their retirement life is a major concern for the seniors approaching their retirement and many of them invest in different annuity insurance plans. These annuities help the insured to receive a guaranteed income for life protects from the fear of outliving their savings. Also, if a senior couple hasn’t saved enough or doesn’t have someone to support after their retirement, these policies help greatly to take care of their daily expenses and maintain a better lifestyle. However, the majority of seniors isn’t aware of all the benefits an annuity can bring. Most of them buy an annuity solely to receive a guaranteed income in their retirement life but the annuities have a lot to offer. Here, we are going to explain five more benefits of a retirement annuity plan that you might not be knowing.

Benefit to your loved ones

At times, seniors pay a long series of premiums to earn them back during their retirement but die at an early age without receiving the complete benefits. Many seniors die soon after their retirement and insurance providers keep their share of investment with themselves. But, the new additional feature allows transferring the benefits to the beneficiaries, if the insured dies early. Along with the immediate annuity plan, you can choose a guaranteed period of 10-20 years that are calculated since the time you start receiving the payments. If you opt for a 20-year guaranteed period with the annuities, your insurer will provide a series of payments for exact 20 years. You can name your spouse or kids as the beneficiary and they will receive the benefits for rest of the period, in case you die early.

Tax deferral on earnings

Most of the investments are applicable for state and federal taxes, but the investments such as interests, annuities, dividends and capital gains earn a tax-deferred status. These investments are tax-free until you withdraw the accumulated amount. The tax-deferral is similar to 401(k)s and IRAs, but there isn’t any limit on the amount and you can put any amount into the annuities that you assume enough to spend your retirement comfortably. Moreover, the minimum withdrawal criteria have more flexibility than that of to 401(k)s and IRAs.

Tax-free investment transfers

Market performs differently at a different time and an investment performing strong today may perform poorly after a certain period. Hence, investors keep transferring their investment amount form one to another fund and there are financial advisors to help with the same. Usually, these investment transfers or rebalancing are applicable for taxes but the annuity retirement plan has no such tax consequences. That means, you can rebalance your investments as per your financial advisor’s suggestion and you won’t have to pay any taxes on that.

Protection from lenders

People take different types of loans to match a better lifestyle and pay the due amount in installments. At times, people reach a stage where they only have the money enough to take care of their fundamental requirements and aren’t able to pay the loan installments. In such cases, if the lender files a lawsuit, they may lose the return on the investments made. Annuities insurance policies also help protect your investment return even if you can’t make the installments. Usually, the premiums you have made to your insurance provider, belongs to them and there are laws that restrict that money to be accessed by the lenders.

Variety of investment options

Insurers help the investors with a range of annuity options at retirement including the fixed and variable one. The first one credits a certain rate of interest on the amount you deposit while with the later, your money is invested in the stock or bonds like mutual funds and provide a return based on the market performance. Also, various insurance providers have introduced different types of floors that set a limit by which your investment value may not fall further. That means, if you have invested in a variable annuity, you return won’t fall below a certain value, despite the fluctuations in the market.